Thor eats and drinks ferociously, consuming entire animals and three casks of mead. Loki states that this is because "Freyja" had not slept for eight nights in her eagerness. The gods think that this is great, and flay the skin from the otter to make a bag.
Upon seeing the skin, Regin and Hreidmar "seized them and made them ransom their lives" in exchange for filling the otterskin bag the gods had made with gold and covering the exterior of the bag with red gold. At the falls, Loki spreads his net before Andvari who is in the form of a pike , which Andvari jumps into. The stanzas of the poem then begin: Loki mocks Andvari, and tells him that he can save his head by telling Loki where his gold is.
Andvari gives some background information about himself, including that he was cursed by a " norn of misfortune" in his "early days". Loki responds by asking Andvari "what requital" does mankind get if "they wound each other with words". Andvari responds that lying men receive a "terrible requital": having to wade in the river Vadgelmir , and that their suffering will be long. Loki looks over the gold that Andvari possesses, and after Andvari hands over all of his gold, Andvari holds on to but a single ring; the ring Andvarinaut , which Loki also takes.
Andvari, now in the form of a dwarf, goes into a rock, and tells Loki that the gold will result in the death of two brothers, will cause strife between eight princes, and will be useless to everyone. Loki returns, and the three gods give Hreidmar the money from the gold hoard and flatten out the otter skin, stretch out its legs, and heap gold atop it, covering it. Hreidmar looks it over, and notices a single hair that has not been covered. Hreidmar demands that it be covered as well. Odin puts forth the ring Andvarinaut, covering the single hair.
Loki states that they have now handed over the gold, and that gold is cursed as Andvari is, and that it will be the death of Hreidmar and Regin both.
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Hreidmar responds that if he had known this before, he would have taken their lives, yet that he believes those are not yet born whom the curse is intended for, and that he doesn't believe him. Further, with the hoard, he will have red gold for the rest of his life.
Hreidmar tells them to leave, and the poem continues without further mention of Loki. This stanza is followed by:. In the second of the two stanzas, Loki is referred to as Lopt. Loki's consumption of a woman's heart is otherwise unattested. The Prose Edda book Gylfaginning tells various myths featuring Loki, including Loki's role in the birth of the horse Sleipnir and Loki's contest with Logi , fire personified.
Loki's wife is named Sigyn, and they have a son named "Nari or Narfi". In chapter 42, High tells a story set "right at the beginning of the gods' settlement, when the gods at established Midgard and built Val-Hall. After some debate, the gods agree to these conditions, but place a number of restrictions on the builder, including that he must complete the work within three seasons without the help of any man.
The gods convene, and figure out who is responsible, resulting in a unanimous agreement that, along with most trouble, Loki is to blame here referred to as Loki Laufeyjarson —his surname derived from his mother's name, Laufey.
The gods declare that Loki deserves a horrible death if he cannot find a scheme that will cause the builder to forfeit his payment, and threaten to attack him. Loki, afraid, swears oaths that he will devise a scheme to cause the builder to forfeit the payment, whatever it may cost himself. The two horses run around all night, causing the building to be halted and the builder is then unable to regain the previous momentum of his work.
In chapter 44, Third reluctantly relates a tale where Thor and Loki are riding in Thor's chariot, which is pulled by his two goats. Loki and Thor stop at the house of a peasant farmer, and there they are given lodging for a night. Thor slaughters his goats, prepares them, puts them in a pot, and Loki and Thor sit down for their evening meal.
Thor invites the peasant family who own the farm to share with him the meal he has prepared, but warns them not to break the bones. They continue through the woods until dark.
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The four seek shelter for the night. They encounter an immense building. Finding shelter in a side room, they experience earthquakes through the night. The earthquakes cause all four but Thor, who grips his hammer in preparation of defense, to be fearful. The building turns out to be the huge glove of Skrymir , who has been snoring throughout the night, causing what seemed to be earthquakes. All four sleep beneath an oak tree near Skrymir in fear.
The four travelers continue their journey until midday. They find themselves facing a massive castle in an open area. The castle is so tall that they must bend their heads back to their spines to see above it. At the entrance to the castle is a shut gate, and Thor finds that he cannot open it. Struggling, all four squeeze through the bars of the gate, and continue to a large hall.
Inside the great hall are two benches, where many generally large people sit on two benches. Loki, standing in the rear of the party, is the first to speak, claiming that he can eat faster than anyone. A trencher is fetched, placed on the floor of the hall, and filled with meat. Loki and Logi sit down on opposing sides. The two eat as quickly as they can and meet at the midpoint of the trencher. Loki consumed all of the meat off of the bones on his side, yet Logi had not only consumed his meat, but also the bones and the trencher itself. It was evident to all that Loki had lost.
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Thor agrees to compete in a drinking contest but after three immense gulps fails. Thor agrees to lift a large, gray cat in the hall but finds that it arches his back no matter what he does, and that he can raise only a single paw.
Thor demands to fight someone in the hall, but the inhabitants say doing so would be demeaning, considering Thor's weakness. The two wrestle but the harder Thor struggles the more difficult the battle becomes. Thor is finally brought down to a single knee. The next morning the group gets dressed and prepares to leave the keep.
In reality, Thor's blows were so powerful that they had resulted in three square valleys. The contests, too, were an illusion. The old woman Thor wrestled was in fact old age Elli , Old Norse "old age" , and there is no one that old age cannot bring down. Only a wide landscape remains. Loki is mentioned in stanza 13 of the Norwegian rune poem in connection with the Younger Futhark Bjarkan rune :.
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According to Bruce Dickins, the reference to "Loki's deceit" in the poem "is doubtless to Loki's responsibility for Balder's death. In , a semi-circular flat stone featuring a depiction of a mustachioed face was discovered on a beach near Snaptun, Denmark. Made of soapstone that originated in Norway or Sweden, the depiction was carved around the year CE and features a face with scarred lips.
The stone is identified as a hearth stone; the nozzle of the bellows would be inserted into the hole in the front of the stone, and the air produced by the bellows pushed flame through the top hole, all the while the bellows were protected from the heat and flame. The stone may point to a connection between Loki and smithing and flames.
A fragmentary late 10th-century cross located in St Stephen's Church, Kirkby Stephen , Cumbria , England , features a bound figure with horns and a beard. This figure is sometimes theorized as depicting the bound Loki. Enter your HarperCollins account username and password. Please note that your username is an e-mail address. Download your e-book s from your bookshelf.